Respect for All is message of mayors anti-bullying rules
By Andy Humm
After more than four years of refusing to deal comprehensively with bullying in schools, Mayor Mike Bloomberg and Schools Chancellor Joel Klein announced a major new initiative to combat the problem that they have minimized in the past, but now acknowledge impedes our students ability to learn.
The two officials were surrounded at a hastily called press conference on Wed., Sept. 3, by advocates of the Dignity in All Schools Act (DASA), a 2004 City Council bill that mandated most of what Bloomberg is implementing only now. He vetoed that earlier bill, dismissing it then as silly and illegal, and the Council did not take him to court after it overrode the veto, but the mayor still refused to implement the law.
Asked what took him so long to act, given that he has long supported a New York State bill that would have forced him do it, Bloomberg said, We wish we could do everything on Day One. City Council Speaker Christine Quinn, an out lesbian, flanked the mayor as did United Federation of Teachers union president Randi Weingarten, who is also openly gay. In 2005, Quinn attacked Bloombergs stonewalling on implementing DASA as legally untenable and disgraceful. But last week she praised this initiative as going a long way in ensuring that school officials and young people are appropriately informed and that we are accurately tracking incidents of harassment.
Weingarten pledged U.F.T. members, long concerned about school safety, would faithfully implement the program.
All students and staff were scheduled to have received a leaflet as school opened on Sept. 3 explaining the Respect for All initiative. While school regulations have long prohibited harassment, these new regulations require posters in all schools explaining: how students and staff can report bullying; that schools must report the complaints to the Department of Education within 24 hours; how the process for investigation, including contacting the families of accused students, will work; and what measures are in place for intervention and counseling.
The new program requires training for all school staff, but it is less clear how much classroom time will be devoted to creating the climate of respect sought through an anti-bullying curricula.
Maris Ragonese, program director of Generation Q, a program for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender, or L.G.B.T., youth in Queens, had only seen an earlier draft of the regulations.
Were working on getting an educational component so that students understand that queer people exist, she said.
Brian Ellner, an openly gay senior counselor to the chancellor, who played a key role in the initiatives development, wrote in an e-mail that schools will provide lessons addressing bullying and harassment, as well as students rights and responsibilities to create respectful learning communities.
While L.G.B.T. groups, including PFLAG (Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays) and the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Educators Network (GLSEN), have pushed for the initiative for years and played major roles in its development, pressure from the Sikh Coalition may have been the key to turning it into the chancellors regulations announced last week. Amardeep Singh, executive director of the coalition, said a survey of 400 Sikh students in New York City Schools found 65 percent had faced bias-based harassment, such as being called terrorist or Osama, and that 20 percent had been touched or hit. The coalition demanded the regulations in a June 30 march through Richmond Hill, Queens, compelling Klein finally to promise them action.
We made substantial progress, Singh said. For the necessary sea change to take place, we still have work to do. The group wants to see public reporting by category of harassment victims, something the mayor said would be done but which Singh said is not explicit in the regulations.
Singh also said he and his group had absolutely no problem with Sikh children being taught to respect gays and lesbians.
We believe in equality for all, he said, decrying the idea that anybodys dignity would be denigrated. He noted that two Sikh members of the Canadian Parliament voted for same-sex marriage to the consternation of Sikh leaders in India but not in their home districts.
Teaching about L.G.B.T. issues has been part of the culture wars in New York for decades. Past chancellors have never agreed to any more than sporadic staff training on the subject, as opposed to other school systems around the nation that integrate information on L.G.B.T. issues into their curricula.
GLSEN took a lead in the pilot phase of Respect for All in 2007, training 300 teachers and staff. Eliza Byard of the group said that their National School Climate Survey found that 80 percent of L.G.B.T. students experienced verbal or physical harassment on a regular basis. The survey found that the keys to ending such harassment were policies that forbid anti-L.G.B.T. discrimination and the ability to identify a supportive faculty member for at-risk students to turn to. The new regulations mandate a designated staff member in every school to handle complaints.
This reporter also asked Bloomberg if the expansion of the mostly L.G.B.T. Harvey Milk School at the Hetrick-Martin Institute on Astor Place was not testimony to the lack of safety for L.G.B.T. students in mainstream schools. The mayor said that when he took office, I had no idea [the school] existed. As for the lack of safety for L.G.B.T. youth in the public schools generally, he added, Id like to think that is no longer true. Id like to think the need [for the Harvey Milk School] has gone away, and now its just a choice of where you want to go.
Thomas Kerver, executive director of the Hetrick-Martin Institute, said, Were working for the day when the Harvey Milk School is no longer necessary. The schools enrollment is now capped at 100 students. Today is a stride forward, Kerver said, adding, were a transfer school. The very fact that theyre going to it is because theyve suffered verbal, physical or emotional distress to such an extent that their education has been severely halted.
To make mainstream schools safe for L.G.B.T. youth, we have work to do, Kerver said, noting that more than half the young people who receive services at H.M.I. report anti-L.G.B.T. harassment in city schools complaints that Hetrick-Martin staff work to resolve individually.
In recent years, Department of Education spokespersons have put the number of bullying incidents in the schools at 1,700 per year for the entire system, an average of 1.1 per year per school. That estimate is derided as absurd by advocates, some of whom suggest the average could be one per minute per school. If these new regulations are implemented effectively, a more realistic picture of bullying in the schools should emerge. However, the mayor was hopeful that the mere announcement of the new regulations would help cut down on those incidents now that the school system is pledging to take action.